Progestogen-only Contraceptive Methods

Progestogen-only Contraceptive Methods

Progestogen-only contraceptive methods do not contain oestrogen. Therefore, they are safer than combined oral contraceptive pills and can be used, if you have cardiovascular risk factors.

Progestogen-only preparations are:


Progestogen-only contraceptive methods are safe,

  • If the woman is a breastfeeding mother.
  • If the woman is older.
  • If the woman has cardiovascular risk factors.
  • If the woman has diabetes.


How do progestogen-only preparations act?

Progestogen hormones act on the cervix and the lining of the womb (endometrium). They change the cervical secretions, making the cervix hostile to moving sperms from the vagina. These hormones inhibit the development of the endometrium, thereby preventing implantation and sperm movement. Higher dose preparations can inhibit ovulation too.


Adverse effects of progestogen-only contraceptive methods

The common side effects include:

  • Breast pain
  • Pimples (acne)
  • Functional ovarian cysts
  • Absent menstrual cycles
  • Irregular menstrual cycles
  • Headache


(Photo courtesy: alamosbasement)


Related Links:

What is Birth Control?
Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills (COCP)
Combined Hormonal Patches
Progestogen-only Pill (Mini-pill/POP)
Progestogen Injections
Subdermal Implants

About the author
Dr. Nalaka Priyantha is the founder and author of 'DRN Health'. He currently works at the Ministry of Health, Sri Lanka as a senior medical officer. He is blogging about healthy living since 2012.
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